2015 November

14-17th November

Visited Bromo again in November, mainly to observe the increased activity of the volcano, but also to acquire a few aerial photos of the volcano that was requested by a agency.

Activity of the Volcano

The Indonesian Volcanology Survey  (PVMBG) heightened the status of Bromo the first week of November after seeing increased levels volcanic tremor ( up to 7mm) and gas output of the volcano.

During my visit I observed more denser gas plumes being emitted from Bromo, sometimes accompanied by rumbling sounds that could be heard as far as the village of Cemara Lowang. In October I also heard these rumbling sounds, caused by intense gas pressures, but the intensity of both the gas output and sound have increased quite significantly. The gas plumes were seen to contain a large quantity of sulphur gas, that can been be seen in some of the photos below. No ash venting were observed.

Photos: 31 in format/size: RAW/JPG – 5182 x 3456 pixels in this post. Aerial photos is available in format/size: DNG/JPG – 4000 x 3000 pixels. Total of 300+ photos not presented on the website.

15th November

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Bromo emits a thick gas plume early morning on the 15th November. Above the hills on the left side of the photo, Semeru is seen erupting in the far distance.
Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
The gas emitted had a yellowish color, because of the high content of sulphur.
Bromo Volcano Ngadisari November-2015 Indonesia
Looking down over the Ngadisari caldera at the NE of Bromo. The caldera was formed around 150000 years ago.
Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Emirates Airlines Dubai-Sydney
Not only a volcano enthusiast, Im also a “Airplane spotter”. While taking photos of Bromo I noticed a Emirates Airbus 380 passing over the area, enroute Dubai-Sydney. 🙂
Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
From the foot of Bromo.

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera

Aerial Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia
Bromo with Semeru in the background.

Aerial Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Aerial Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia
The patterns of ash dunes at the foot of Bromo seen from above.
Aerial Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Ngadisari Caldera
The village of Cemara Lowang with the Ngadisari caldera in the background
Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Sunset

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera

¨

 

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Evening

 

16th November

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Sunrise on the 16th November. Gas emissions are heading West.
Argopura Mountain November-2015 Indonesia
The Argopuro mountains seen from the Tengger Caldera.

Argopura Mountain November-2015 Indonesia

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Golden cloud patterns during sunrise.
Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
Heavy degassing.

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera

17th November

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera
During the emission of dense gas plumes like the one in the photo, rumbling sounds were occasionally heard.

Bromo Volcano November-2015 Indonesia Tengger Caldera



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