Bromo Volcano 3-5th June 2016

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The latest eruptive phase of Bromo started in December 2015. The eruptive activity was in the beginning dominated by the ejection of ash and lapili. In late January and February the activity increased and larger explosions were seem, sometimes accompanied by the ejection of lava-bombs/blocks, loud eruption/rumbling sounds and shock-waves. In this period there were also days when strong crater-glow was seen above the crater at night.

The eruptive activity had a short period of rest between the end of February until the end of March. During this period the activity was dominated by degassing but no ash-venting/eruptions.

The Indonesian Volcanology Survey (PVMBG) noted a increase in seismic activity in the first week of April, that was followed by new eruptive activity. Ash-venting and crater-glow was observed. The ash-output was lower than February/March levels. Eruption/rumbling sounds was also present, but lower than january/February levels.

During the second week of April, the activity decreased again and only weak to moderate degassing plumes was observed during until first week of May.

The last week of May the activity increased again, and resumed eruptive activity similar to the activity observed in April.

Note: The eruptive phase is still ongoing.

3-5th June

My 31th trip to Bromo, never get tired of traveling there, especially when there is eruptive activity.

On arrival on the 3th June, Bromo was erupting steady column of ash, that rose to heights between 200-500m, and drifting West toward the city of Malang. Late evening the eruption ceased and the volcano was seen only emitting steam in the morning/midday of 4th June. During this period of calm a period of degassing started, and emitted a body of sulfur gas that could be easily recognized by the nose several kilometers from the volcano.

In the afternoon of the 4th, the volcano had again started to erupt. During a visit to the crater area in the afternoon, the volcano was erupting ash, but the sound of moving/ejected rocks were also very evidently heard from the crater edge. Some rocks were also seen ejected from the crater, however did only reach 20-30m above the bottom of the crater, and did not make it over the crater edge. On the morning of the 5th June the volcano was quiet again, and only a small degassing plume could be seen, and even sometimes faded and the volcano was totally calm.

 

3th June

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano May2016
Eruption plume in the afternoon of the 3th June reached 400m in height before drifting West.

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano May2016

Aerial Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano May2016
Aerial photo during dawn. Semeru seen in the background having just released a ash-plume.

4th June

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
Bromo engulfed by degassing, the gas contained much sulfur.

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

Night Stars milky Way Aerial Phantom Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

 

 

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
Mountains East of the Tengger Caldera. In the middle left is Argupura, and furthest in the back is Raung.
Raung Volcano Ijen Indonesia june 2016
Raung

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
Eruption reached 500m in height.
Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
Eruption contained small/medium quantities of ash, seen falling under the eruption plume.
Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
A glimpse in the crater. The eruption sound was signified by the sound of falling rocks, however the rocks did not travel far from the bottom of the crater.

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
Ash are being propelled upwards and some of it falls back to the crater, leaving streaks under the plume.

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

Aerial Batok Volcano Tengger Indonesia
The extinct Batok volcano, the volcanic-cone next to Bromo.

Aerial Phantom Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Aerial Phantom Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Aerial Phantom Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016 Aerial Phantom Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

 

Bromo-eruption-june-2016-video
See video of the eruption from the crater edge of Bromo, and listen to the eruption sounds of falling rocks and debris. here

5th June

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016
A very clear morning at the edge of the Tengger caldera. Bromo is very quiet this morning.

Bromo Eruption 2016 Tengger Indonesia Eruption Volcano June 2016

 



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