Kelud Volcano – 15th December 2016

Published: 22th December 2016.

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Impressions & Summary of visit :

My last visit to Kelud was in February 2014, only days after the brief but explosive eruption of 14th February 2014.

Kelud have troughout history, often contained crater-lakes, and the water element, is one of the main reasons the eruptions of Kelud, have been deadly for people living in the vicinity of this volcano. In 1919 a eruption of Kelud killed more than 5000 people, most of them by pyroclastic flows and hot lahar.

A few years (2007-2009) leading to the eruption, a lava-dome  had emerged in the crater, that eventually was around 120m tall (see my photos from 2011). The crater also held a lake at this time, but as the lava-dome grew, most of the water was displaced. The Indonesian government have for decades tried to lower the water levels at Kelud, and the fact that the crater lake was almost dry, during the during the eruption of February 2014, are likely the reason why there was no deadly lahars produced in this eruption. Less than 10 people were killed during the 2014 eruption, most of them in ash-collapsed buildings.

During the eruption of 2014 the Kelud lava dome was totally destroyed/displaced and all the water contained in the crater, was displaced as well. The image below show the changes to the crater area.

Kelud volcano comparison 2011 2014 lava dome eruption

After the eruption of 2014, a new crater lake have once again appeared. There is no signs (yet?) of a new lava dome. The Indonesian government is still in the process of building new infrastructure, to once again open the area as a tourist destination. During the eruption, all infrastructure (road + buildings) in the radius of 1km from the volcano was totally destroyed. The crater area is still off limits to tourism and visitors, as of December 2016.

The photos below of the crater area were taken by a drone.

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15h December 2016

Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
Approacing the crater area from the West. (Aerial photo by UAV)
Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
The crater lake has a yellow/greenish color.

Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau

Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
Crater/lake seen from directly above.

Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau

Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
Drainage tunnel from Kelud. The water that is being drained from Kelud is hot. I have not seen any measurement from 2016, but the lake of Kelud have had tempratures of between 40-50c before.
Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
Closer inspection of the drainage tunnel.
Kelud Volcano Indonesia 2016 Aerial DJi Crater Lake Danau
1km west of the crater area. The road project in the foreground is the new road to the crater, that might be completed sometime in 2017. Before the 2014 eruption, there was a road here, several buildings used by tourism and a large parking space. All was destroyed in the 2014 eruption.
Ngliman Wilis Volcano Indonesia East-Java Gunung Mountain
During the visit to Kelud, the mountain (volcano) of Ngliman/Wilis was visible to the West.

 

 

 

 

 

 



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