Krakatau

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Type of volcano: Caldera.

Location: Sunda Strait, Indonesia.

Altitude: 814m.(Rakata) (Anak krakatau 324m (May 2011) )

Krakatau, is a volcanic island made of lava in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is used for the island group, the main island (also called Rakata), and the volcano as a whole. The island exploded in 1883, killing approximately 40,000 people, although some estimates put the death toll much higher. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard nearly 4,800 km from its point of origin. The shock wave from the explosion was recorded on barographs around the globe.

A new island volcano, named Anak Krakatau or Child of Krakatoa rose above the waterline in 1927. Anak Krakatau has grown at an average rate of five inches (13 cm) per week since the 1950s. This equates to an average growth of 6.8 metres per year. The island is still active, with its most recent eruptive episode having begun in 1994. Quiet periods of a few days have alternated with almost continuous Strombolian eruptions since then, with occasional much larger explosions.

Read more in depth Information about Krakatau at The Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program

To view my photos from Krakatau, visit the different pages under the Krakatau Section in the Menu

 



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